Opus 2

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~3,5 billion years (~3,8?)

Cyanobacteria, also known as blue-green algae, blue-green bacteria or Cyanophyta, is a phylum of bacteria that obtain their energy through photosynthesis. The name "cyanobacteria" comes from the color of the bacteria (Greek: kyanós = blue) . They are a significant component of the marine nitrogen cycle and an important primary producer in many areas of the ocean, but are also found in habitats other than the marine environment; in particular cyanobacteria are known to occur in both freshwater, hypersaline inland lakes and in arid areas where they are a major component of biological soil crusts.

Stromatolites of fossilized oxygen-producing cyanobacteria have been found from 2.8 billion years ago. The ability of cyanobacteria to perform oxygenic photosynthesis is thought to have converted the early reducing atmosphere into an oxidizing one, which dramatically changed the composition of life forms on Earth by provoking an explosion of biodiversity and leading to the near-extinction of oxygen-intolerant organisms. According to endosymbiotic theory, Chloroplasts in plants and eukaryotic algae have evolved from cyanobacteria via endosymbiosis. (click to see all the article on Wikipedia)

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- "Premiers organismes capables de réaliser la photosynthèse, les cyanobactéries apparurent dans l'océan primordial du Précambrien il y a plus de trois milliards d'années." LA PHOTOSYNTHESE, UNE CHIMIE VERTE ENCLENCHEE PAR L'ENERGIE SOLAIRE, RUTHERFORD A. William, BOUSSAC Alain, Cnrs

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~3,5 Ga
SELECT pid_opus1_case, int_statut, int_image_en AS als_flag_image FROM tb_opus1_case ORDER BY pid_opus1_case ASC